Traumatic events can be perceived as life threatening, exceeding a person’s available resources, argues Miriam Taylor – a Gestalt specialist for trauma. She writes:
Put rather crudely, trauma is something that cannot be coped with. It is a moment in which everything is undone. (2014:2)
Taylor argues there are different types of trauma: unforeseen events and trauma in relationships (2014:3). The NHS (2015) writes following type of events can cause post traumatic stress (PTS):
- serious road accidents
- violent personal assaults, such as sexual assault, mugging or robbery
- prolonged sexual abuse, violence or severe neglect
- witnessing violent deaths
- military combat
- being held hostage
- terrorist attacks
- natural disasters, such as severe floods, earthquakes or tsunamis
IES-R (Impact of Events Scale – Revised)
I digitalised a questionnaire with 22 questions that is used by health practitioners as a screening tool to assess PTS (post traumatic stress). Please note, taking a questionnaire is not a diagnosis, but I hope it will support you to seek help when necessary.
- Taylor, M., 2014. Trauma Therapy And Clinical Practice: Neuroscience, Gestalt And The Body. [e-book]. Open University Press. Maidenhead.
- NHS – National Health Service, 2015, Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), accessed 1 October 2017, http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Post-traumatic-stress-disorder/Pages/Introduction.aspx/